La CIA en el Cono Sur The CIA in the Southern Cone
Dan Mitrione: Dan Mitrione:
Profesor de Tortura Professor of Torture
En 1960 el Departamento del Estado contrato Dan Mitrione, un policía de Indiana, para enseñar "advanced counterinsurgency techniques” en el Cono Sur. Entre 1960 y 1967 el trabajó en el Brasil. El regresó a los Estados Unidos para compartir sus experiencias con el US Agency for International Development (USAID). En 1969 se fue para Uruguay, como empleado del Office of Public Security (OPS) de la USAID. Allí, Mitrione enseñó y alentó el uso de la tortura contra los guerrilleros Tupamaros. In 1960 the Department of State contract Dan Mitrione, a policeman in Indiana, to teach "advanced counterinsurgency techniques" in the Southern Cone. Between 1960 and 1967 he worked in Brazil. Returned to the United States to share their experiences with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). In 1969 he went to Uruguay, as an employee of the Office of Public Security (OPS) of USAID. There Mitrione taught and encouraged the use of torture against Tupamaros guerrillas.
Aunque la tortura ya se uso en Uruguay antes de la llegada de Mitrione, es claro que el uso de la tortura aumentó a causa de el. Although torture is already used in Uruguay before the arrival of Mitrione, it is clear that the use of torture has increased because of him. Durante su tiempo en Uruguay la tortura se uso tan frecuentemente que el Senado de Uruguay intentó una investigación y concluyo que la tortura llegó a ser "normal, frequent and habitual occurrence inflicted upon Tupamaros as well as others.” During his time in Uruguay torture is used so frequently that the Senate of Uruguay sought an investigation and concluded that torture became "normal, frequent and regular occurrence inflicted upon Tupamaros as well as others."
Manuel Hevia Cosculluela era un agente doble Cubano. Manuel Hevia COSCULLUELA was a Cuban double agent. El trabajó como agente de la CIA con Mitrione en Uruguay. He worked as a CIA agent with Mitrione in Uruguay. Años después, desde Cuba, el escribió sus experiencias en su libro 'Pasaporte 11333: Ocho Anos con la CIA' y reveló mucho sobre la manera de trabajar de Mitrione. Years later, from Cuba, wrote his experiences in his book 'Passport 11333: Eight Years with the CIA' and revealed a lot about how to work Mitrione.
“Dan Mitrione had built a soundproofed room in the cellar of his house in Montevideo. In this room he assembled selected Uruguayan police officers to observe a demonstration of torture techniques. ” "Dan Mitrione had built a soundproofed room in the cellar of his house in Montevideo. In this room I have assembled selected Uruguayan police officers to observe a demonstration of torture techniques."“Soon things turned unpleasant. "Soon things turned unpleasant. As subjects for the first testing they took beggars ... As subjects for the first testing they took Beggars ... from the outskirts of from the outskirts of
Según Hevia, Mitrione no tenia náusea para la tortura y enseño el uso de manera muy fria con ningún compasión: According to Hevia, Mitrione had no nausea for the torture and teach the use of very cold with no compassion:
"When you receive a subject, the first thing to do is to determine his physical state, his degree of resistance, through a medical examination. A premature death means a failure by the technician.” "When you receive a subject, the first thing to do is to determine his physical state, his degree of resistance, through a medical examination. A premature death means a failure by the technician."